Globalization: A Dossier of Links
"On a daily basis, the financial section of a major newspaper constitutes one of the most dynamic aspects of the globalization process: the movements of capital markets and capital flow. In a format identical to the stock quotes in the business pages, wordsearch emphasizes an entirely different, less obvious aspect of the same process of globalization: the subjective aspect." In her interview with the curator Hans Ulrich Obrist (which we will be publishing in extract in the next edition of db-art.info), Karin Sander emphasizes the political aspect of her project. Whereas her translinguistic interview sketches a many-layered picture of the American metropolis in the business section of the New York Times, wordsearch touches upon the complex connections between language, cultural identity, and global economic structures. The effects of globalization are palpable in every area of life, and even the critical voices of various opponents of globalization are being discussed in political and business circles. For this reason, we’ve put together a small dossier with information and links to a variety of positions in this controversial debate. In addition, we're introducing an array of internet addresses that are involved with the transformation of language and culture in the "global village."
The mobility of goods,
services, work, technology, and capital around the world is on the constant
rise: "Globalization" – we hear this word every day in the news, we read
it in the newspaper, we talk about it, yet it seems to have a different
meaning each time. "Globalization, it seems, is a double-edged sword,"
Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker, chairman of the German parliament's
(investigative committee) "Globalization of the World Economy," has stressed.
"On the one hand, as a result of globalization, the distance between the
poor and the rich has increased in size, and the exploitation of nature
is spreading continuously. On the other, an economic interconnectedness
undoubtedly helps to maintain peace. It furthers economic growth and accelerates
innovation. For an export-orientated country such as Germany, it guarantees
millions of jobs."
What new forms of political discourse arise
out of the social changes gathered together under the catchword "globalization?"
A good introduction to the subject can be found on Syracuse University's
visually descriptive page. Here, the user can discover various regional
aspects of globalization on a world
is an international cooperation between the Bundeszentrale für politische
Bildung, the German/French cultural broadcasting station arte,
and ZDF. Current discussions on globalization and on new forms of
political activism in the net as well as in other media formats are documented
on this highly interesting, recently initiated information platform.
useful portal is the globalization
page of Emory University in Atlanta. Here, information on debates,
theories, organizations, and books can be found. In addition, links are
offered that provide connections to German,
Also worth reading is a compilation of essays
the British financial magazine The Economist has published on the
subject. In a special theme
edition, the German-language financial magazine brandeins also
concerns itself with globalization and offers, along with a number of well-founded
contributions, an extensive array of recommendations for further reading,
to which we'd like to add a selection of important sources: among the most
heavily discussed theoreticians of a new global economic order is the former
head economist of the World Bank, Joseph
and Its Discontents"). His criticism of the IMF
and his demand for the so-called Tobin
Tax, which calls for a levy on international currency transactions,
is also embraced by attac,
a movement critical of globalization. Following Naomi Klein's
bestseller "No Logo"
(2001), this year's manifesto for the opponents of globalization is widely
regarded to be the volume "Empire"
Hardt, a young American professor of literature, and Antonio
Negri, an Italian specialist in public law. Similarly, the Chicago
and Its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money")
also strives towards a "space for multitudes" and a "new political architecture."
"A brilliantly written guide through the new world of globalization"
is what the Kirkus Review has called "The
Lexus and the Olive Tree," a book written by the renowned New York
Times columnist Thomas L. Friedmann. The internet pages of the International
Institute for Economics, one of the leading American think tanks
on global economy, offer a large selection of essays and books and
argue for market liberalization, as does the Cato
Institute in Washington. In his "George
Soros on Globalization," the prominent economist George
Soros takes the arguments of globalization's opponents seriously, even
when he doesn't share the conclusions they draw. The English sociologist
and expert on globalization, Anthony
Giddens, expresses criticism both of the conservative camp and the
traditional left in his book "The
Third Way and Its Critics." As a champion of the so-called "third
way," the advisor to Labour leader Tony Blair calls for more
ecology and less state. The Süddeutsche Zeitung criticizes "The
Silent Takeover. Global Capitalism and the Death of Democracy," the bestseller
written by the Cambridge lecturer Noreena
Hertz, as "entirely polarized. One of the most important American dissidents,
the well-known linguist Noam
Chomsky, has published numerous works in which he particularly addresses
the role American foreign and economic policy plays in the global balance
of power. The most recent book of his to be published in Germany was "The
Attak," (read Chomsky's Interview here)
in which he comments on the attacks of September 11.
Yet language, too, has its own globalization pages. "What's
happening to our languages" is the question posed by the online magazine
TOPICS in a special
issue on globalization. The Russian internet portal "Endangered
Languages: links and resources" documents the change in global lingual
culture and the rapid extinction of individual languages and dialects as
seen on the newspaper pages of Karin Sander's wordsearch project.
Other sources worth reading concerning the extinction of languages can
be found in Unesco's Internet
magazine or in the forum of globalpolicy.com.
A list of all languages (still) spoken today can be found in the Language
Atlas or in the Index
at ethnologue.com, a page that has proved immensely helpful during
the research work for wordsearch.